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Author Topic: Kyrgyzstan  (Read 7610 times)
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Amy-in-PHX
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« Reply To This #10 on: February 28, 2011, 05:22:16 PM »

Kyrgyzstan attempts to slow inflation
By Asyl Osmonaliyeva
For CentralAsiaOnline.com
2011-01-28

KARA-BALTA, Kyrgyzstan – Rising food prices in Kyrgyzstan have aroused a public outcry, but the government is so far resisting the urge to impose price controls.

Prices for flour and bread have increased 25% from last year; fruit and vegetables, 12.7%; and clothes and shoes, 9.4%, according to the Economic Regulation Ministry. Those increases are countrywide averages. In some areas, such as Bishkek, prices have risen even more.

Explanations vary, ranging from the 2010 drought to commodity speculation to 2010’s political upheaval. But whatever the reason, consumers are struggling.

.  .  .  .  .  .  .  . 

The rest is here:  http://centralasiaonline.com/cocoon/caii/xhtml/en_GB/features/caii/features/business/2011/01/28/feature-01


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Amy-in-PHX
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« Reply To This #11 on: February 28, 2011, 07:28:48 PM »

Following is the "overview" portion of the Kyrgyzstan Country Profile by the BBC, last updated
1 December 2010 - http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/asia-pacific/country_profiles/1296485.stm.
Some more detail on the country's current, caretaker president, and its media outlets, follows the
overview section on the BBC website.

A Central Asian state bordering China, Kyrgyzstan became independent with the collapse of the Soviet Union in 1991.
It has some oil and gas and a developing gold mining sector, but relies on imports for most of its energy needs. Resentment at widespread poverty and ethnic divisions between north and south occasionally spill over into violence, and the country's first two post-Soviet presidents were swept from power by popular discontent.


Overview


In 2005, a popular revolt sparked by allegations of government interference in parliamentary elections and fuelled by poverty and corruption swept President Askar Akayev - who had led the country since independence - from power.

AT-A-GLANCE
 
Politics: First two post-Soviet presidents, Askar Akayev and Kurmanbek Bakiyev, were swept from power by popular uprisings. Ethnic tensions have led to violence
Economics: Kyrgyzstan is one of the poorest countries of the former Soviet Union (second-poorest, after Tajikistan)
International: Kyrgyzstan hosts Russian and US military airbases


Timeline  
Kyrgyzstan's democratic credentials were regarded as relatively strong in the immediate post-Soviet era, but this reputation was lost when corruption and nepotism took hold during President Akayev's years in office (1991-2005). Parliamentary and presidential elections were flawed, opposition figures faced harassment and imprisonment, and opposition newspapers were closed.

His successor after the 2005 revolt, Kurmanbek Bakiyev, failed to restore full confidence in state institutions at home or abroad. His time in office was marred by political instability and an almost constant struggle with parliament over the constitutional balance of power.  Elections held under Mr Bakiyev were criticised as being undemocratic, and human rights groups expressed concern over the curtailing of civil liberties and attacks on the media.  

Civil tensions again came to a head in April 2010, when Mr Bakiyev himself was toppled and an interim government was set up under the leadership of former Foreign Minister Roza Otunbayeva.

The Kyrgyz make up nearly 70% of the population, with Uzbeks accounting for about 15% and concentrated in the Ferghana Valley in the south. Russians have a significant presence in the north and in the capital, Bishkek.  There is tension between the Kyrgyz and Uzbek communities in the south over land and housing, and relations with Uzbekistan were strained following the flight of refugees into Kyrgyzstan after clashes in the Uzbek city Andijan in 2005.

There have been several serious outbreaks of Kyrgyz-Uzbek interethnic violence in the southern city of Osh, notably in 1990 - when hundreds were killed - and again in June 2010 following the overthrow of Kurmanbek Bakiyev. Osh had been a Bakiyev stronghold.

Most of the population of Kyrgyzstan is nominally Muslim, and there has been a growing interest in Islam among those seeking a new ethnic or national identity.  The government is worried about inroads by jihadist groups like Hizb-ut Tahrir, and there have been periodic outbreaks of fighting in the south.

Kyrgyzstan also features in the US-Russian rivalry for control of Central Asia, as both powers have military air bases in the country.  The US established an air base at the Manas international airport near Bishkek in late 2001 to support military operations in Afghanistan. President Bakiyev threatened to close it in October 2008 after agreeing to a Russian loan. He reversed the decision when the US agreed to more than triple its annual rent for the base.

Weeks later Kyrgyzstan tentatively agreed to allow Russia to open a second military base on its territory, apparently expanding Moscow's military reach to balance the US presence.


Facts

•Full name: Kyrgyz Republic
•Population: 5.5 million (UN, 2010)
•Capital: Bishkek
•Area: 199,900 sq km (77,182 sq miles)
•Major languages: Kyrgyz, Russian
•Major religions: Islam, Christianity
•Life expectancy: 65 years (men), 73 years (women) (UN)
•Monetary unit: 1 som = 100 tyiyns
•Main exports: Fruit, vegetables, gold, tobacco
•GNI per capita: US $870 (World Bank, 2009) (emphasis supplied)
•Internet domain: .kg
•International dialling code: +996
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Amy-in-PHX
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« Reply To This #12 on: March 15, 2012, 09:35:34 PM »

Kyrgyzstan: Unchecked Nationalism Threat to Stability

8 March 2012

Continued failure to enforce the rule of law risks will give the green light to extreme nationalists who could provoke further ethnic strife, according to Dinara Oshurakhunova, head of the Bishkek-based NGO Coalition for Democracy and Civil Society.

Mistrust and divisions persist in southern Kyrgyzstan, as a legacy of the June 2010 clashes between ethnic Kyrgyz and Uzbeks in which more than 400 people were killed in and around the cities of Osh and Jalalabad in just a few days.

Since then, weak institutions and an official reluctance to challenge nationalists have led to the spread of aggressive rhetoric, often as a pretext to grab land and property from minority groups, Oshurakhunova told IWPR.

In late December [2011], violence flared between Kyrgyz and Tajik residents of the village of Andarak village in Batken province. In late January [2012], several Tajik families were forced to leave Aydarken, another village in Batken, after one of their relatives was arrested in a murder case and Kyrgyz neighbours made threats towards them.

There are also tensions in Kyrgyzstan’s parliament. where Russian-speaking members face regular demands that they address the assembly in Kyrgyz, though Russian is accepted as an official language.

The following are edited excerpts from an interview Oshurakhunova gave to IWPR.

{snip -- check out the linked article for the interview with Mr. Oshurakhunova}



The above excerpt is from the following:
Institute for War and Peace Reporting, Kyrgyzstan: Unchecked Nationalism Threat to Stability, 8 March 2012, RCA Issue 671, available at: http://www.unhcr.org/refworld/docid/4f6085d032.html
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